SYSM 6309, Summer 2013




Instructor:        Lawrence Chung


Office:              ECSS 3.204, ECS, UTD




Phone:             972-883-2178


Course web page:


Office hours:    Tue. 1:15pm-3:15pm; or by appointment


Lectures:          Sat. 8:00am-1:00pm; SOM 2.902


Course description: The course will discuss concepts for systematically establishing, defining and managing the requirements for a large, complex, changing and software-intensive systems, from technical, organizational and management perspectives. The course will consider the past, present and future paradigms and methodologies in requirements engineering. The course will cover informal, semi-formal and formal approaches, while striking a balance between theory and practice. The course will involve building models of both requirement engineering process and requirements engineering product, concerning both functional and non-functional goals/requirements/specifications, using a systematic decision-making process.


                        The course will be taught by Dr. Lawrence Chung (CS). The course will be conducted as a mix of lectures and seminar-style discussions. Lectures are expected to be highly dynamic and interactive. Besides active participation during class discussions, students are expected to participate in a team-oriented requirements engineering project, short presentations, and a term paper.


Learning objectives:     Upon successful completion of this course, students will:

• Understand the need for requirements for large-scale systems.

• Understand the stakeholders involved in requirements engineering.

• Understand requirements engineering processes.

• Understand models of requirements.

• Understand functional requirements.

• Understand non-functional requirements.

• Understand scenario analysis

• Understand object-oriented and goal-oriented requirements engineering.



Textbook:         Lecture Notes (available on the course web page)



“Requirements Engineering on Google Scholar”:


§  Requirements Engineering: From System Goals to UML Models to Software Specifications, Axel van Lamsweerde, John Wiley Sons

      • Managing Software Requirements: A Use Case Approach, 2nd edition, Dean Leffingwell, Don Widrig, Addison Wesley: Boston
      • Non-Functional Requirements in Software Engineering, L. Chung, B. Nixon, E. Yu and J. Mylopoulos,

Kluwer Academic Publishing, 2000 (An earlier version of a framework book chapter)

      • Software Requirements: Objects, Functions, & States, A. M. Davis, Prentice Hall: Englewood Cliffs, 1993.
      • System and Software Requirements Engineering: Tutorial, R. H. Thayer and M. Dortman (Editors),

IEEE Computer Society Press

      • Problem Frames: Analyzing and Structuring Software Development Problems, M. Jackson, Addison-Wesley Professional; 1st edition (December 15, 2000)
      • Requirements Engineering: Processes and Techniques, G. Kotonya and I. Sommerville, John Wiley Sons
      • Requirements Engineering - A Good Practice Guide, I. Sommerville and P. Sawyer, Wiley
      • Scenarios, Stories, Use Cases Through the Systems Development Life-Cycle,  I. Alexander and N. Maiden (eds.), John Wiley & Sons, 2004.
      • Requirements Engineerng: Frameworks for Understanding, R. Wieringa, Wiley, 1997
      • Requirements Engineering: Social and Technical Issues, J. Goguen, and M. Jirotka (Eds.), Academic Press, 1994.
      • Requirements Engineering, L. Macaulay, Springer Verlag, 1996
      • User-Centered Requirements Analysis, C. F. Martin, Prentice-Hall, 1994
      • Information System Requirements: Determination and Analysis, D. Flynn, McGraw-Hill, 1992
      • Are Your Lights On?: How to Figure Out What the Problem Really Is, D. C. Gause and G. M. Weinberg, Dorset House, 1990.
      • Exploring Requirements, D. Gause and G. Weinberg, Dorset House, 1989
      • Managing Systems Requirements: Methods, Tools, and Cases, S. J. Andriole, McGraw-Hill, 1996.
      • System Requirements Analysis, J. O. Grady, McGraw Hill, 1993.
      • Systems Engineering: Coping with Complexity, R. Stevens, K. Jackson, P. Brook, and S. Arnold, Prentice Hall 1998.
      • Requirements Engineering and Rapid Development: A Rigorous, Object-Oriented Approach, I. S. Graham, Addison-Wesley, 1998.
      • Practical Software Requirements; A Manual Of Content And Style, B. L. Kovitz, Manning Publications, 1998
      • User-Centered Requirements: The Scenario-Based Engineering Process, K. L. McGraw and K. Harbison, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1997.
      • The Complete Systems Analysis, J. Robertson and S. Robertson, Dorset House, 1998.
      • Applying Use Cases: A Practical Guide, G. Schneider and J. P. Winters, Addison-Wesley, 1998.
      • Object-Oriented Analysis and Design, with Applications, G. Booch, Benjamin-Cummings, 1994
      • Object-Oriented Methods: A Foundation, J. Martin and J. Odell, Prentice-Hall, 1995
      • The Unified Modeling Language Reference Manual, J. Rumbaugh, I. Jacobson and G. Booch, Addison-Wesley, 1998

§  The Unified Modeling Language User Manual, G. Booch, J. Rumbaugh and I. Jacobson, Addison-Wesley, 1998.


A number of important articles are cited in lecture notes.


Prerequisites:  knowledge of system/software development.


Computer usage:


*A tool you might want to consider using.



Project:           There will be a 2-phase project. 


Each project phase should be submitted by the expected due date in the beginning of the class that day – one hardcopy per team and all the softcopies should be available on the team web site.  Project phases should be submitted with project phase #, class/section, team name; team URL; (rotating) team leader(s); and for each member of the team: student name, student ID, and student email address, written on the first page. There should also be a description of all the meeting conducted, and for each meeting: date, location, agenda, participants, and summary.


The project will be done by teams of approximately 3-6 students (The team size will depend on the number of students in the course, and more on this will be discussed in class). All students in a team will get the same mark for the work they do unless they unanimously agree (in writing) to an unequal division. You are to choose your own team members. An orphan will be assigned to a team by the instructor.


For each deliverable, there should be at least one team leader, who coordinates communication and deliverable submission.


Project I under development should be presented approximately 2 weeks before the final submission due date; Project II under development should be presented approximately 2 weeks before the submission due date.


The first or second page of your deliverable should describe all the meetings your team had, while indicating the participants in each of the meetings. This page should be signed by all members of the team.


The last page of your deliverable should describe why you believe your deliverable is at least as good as, or better than, any other team’s work, based on your observation on other teams’ presentations.



Individual Presentation(s): Brief presentations on case studies or longer presentations on term papers.


Individual Term Paper: On a topic chosen by each student.


Tests:               1 test.


Late work:        Any assigned work will have 10 points deducted for each week passed, if without pre-approval. 



Project (2 x 15)

30 %


30 %

Individual Term Paper

30 %

Class Participation

10 %



Important Dates: The following dates are “agile”, and can be adjusted to your own (team’s) schedule after a discussion with the course instructor.


1.     Saturday     June 1 – First day of class for this course.


2.     Saturday     June 8 -- Preliminary Project  Plan (Team organization, Team leaders/deliverable, Team web site URL, Tools, etc.)

A sample template:; 


() Saturday       June 15 – No Class!


3.     Saturday     June 22  – Interim Term paper submission & presentation [start – ] – Pecha Kucha style presentation recommended.


4.      Saturday     June 29  – Interim Term paper submission & presentation [ – end]



5.     Saturday     July 13 -- – Project I submission and  presentation (Preliminary definition [PDF]; A scenario [PDF])

*Devise your own template, but you could consider this as a reference



6.     Saturday     July 20


7.      Saturday     July 27 - Test



8.     Saturday     August 3 -- – Project II submission ([PDF])  presentation and demo * A tool you might want to consider using.; Final Term paper submission & presentation

A hardcopy should be submitted, which should include;

§  Final project plan

§  Project I

§  Project II

§  Any dependency/traceability between Project I and Project II

all in one document.

·         Presentation slides 1 & 2

! Please email the url to the instructor where all the files can be found as a single zip file !


*.   June 1 – August 3:  communications and revisions of the project plan


Guest Lecture: TBA


Course Outline (subject to evolution, hence it is recommended that you download 1-2 modules at a time on a bi-weekly basis; Some modules won’t be covered, due to lack of time)                                                                             

 Introduction to Requirements Engineering: Why, What and How [small-pdf]

-          Requirements Engineering Journal and a Swing cartoon 

-          Examples of requirements defects


-          The Standish Report; About the CHAOS report

-          Getting requirements right avoiding the top 10 traps

-          Also see cases 1 and 2 below (patriot missile; TCAS –transponder)


 Requirements Engineering Processes [small-pdf] {RE evolutionary process, RE basic process, RE in software lifecycle, Process vs. product specifications }          


 Requirements Models


 Requirements Analysis, Modeling and Specification [small-pdf] {Problem analysis, Solution space, Requirements prioritization}                                       


 Requirements Elicitation: Essential Concepts [small-pdf]{Critical issues, Desirable properties of requirements, Some elicitation techniques}


 Scenario Analysis   {Use cases, episodes, scripts, completeness of scenarios, mis-use cases, anti-goals}  


Enterprise Requirements: Modeling Techniques [small-pdf] {Business modeling with UML, Some conventional enterprise modeling techniques}

·         Consider using Modules 1 & 2 for UML on, instead.

            A vision document template

            A sample vision document 1

A sample vision document 2

A sample stakeholder requests

 AS-IS or TO-BE?



Structured Analysis  


 Goal-Oriented Requirements Engineering 

             Classical problem solving technique                      

            Non-Functional Requirements: {Why, What – definitions and classifications, How – product- and process-oriented approaches}  [4-on-1] [white-background]

             KAOS; Agent-Oriented Enterprise Modeling       



Other Possible Topics


Functional Requirements: Formal Structural Models                                                                                                                                             

 A Formal OO-RML/Telos  {Deficiencies of SA, RML/Telos Essentials, A Formalization}

 Metamodeling {Models, Metaclasse, Metamodels, Metamodels for UML and other notations}

Functional Requirements: Behavioral Models   {Decision-oriented, State-oriented, Function-oriented behavioral models}                                         


 Another possible topic: Requirements Verification

 Model Checking

 Model Finder


Some sample case studies:

·         case 1: patriot missile: clock drift - 28 killed, over 90 injured   real cost of software failure   Patriot in the Persian Gulf War/Operation Desert Storm (January-February 1991)

·         case 2: TCAS - transponder

·         case 3: NY subway collision

·         case 4: U.S. Census Bureau collision


Priorities: Class Discussions !!, Lecture Notes !, Primary Reading and References!!!


Reusable course project material


Presentations – Fall 2005


Presentations – Summer 2006


Presentations – Fall 2006


Presentations – Spring 2007


Presentations – Fall 2007


Presentations – Fall 2008


Presentations – Spring 2009


Presentations – Summer 2009


Presentations – Fall 2009


Presentations – Spring 2010


Presentations – Fall 2010


Presentations – Spring 2011


Presentations - SYSM6309-Spring2012 [Case Studies are based on publicly-available documents, with creative imaginations when needed, hence may not reflect what really happened]



Frequently Asked Questions




IEEE standard (IEEE standard – temporarily broken)

Document Templates – general IEEE

SRS sample


Other samples and templates


A Tutorial on Temporal Logic

Case Studies on Temporal Logic


A UML Tutorial by Bruegge 

A UML Tutorial by Bruegge (A copy) 








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